Araby: As a Modern Short Story

The short story is a highly complex form of literary art , presenting a single segment of life with its brevity and concentration. In his attempt to communicate an essential aesthetic vision, James Joyce creates a special style of short story that became almost like an objective correlative of the reality experienced by him. In Araby, as in other stories in Dubliners, he presents a captured frame portraying the decadence of vitality, a degeneration characterizing the mJames Joyce portraitodern world of spiritual paralysis. At the same time his presentation conforms to the accepted codes of typical story-telling technique.

The story, about a young boy, different and hence alienated from the insensitive humanity surrounding him, is a perfect representation of the author’s own sense of futility. The narrator’s intense desire to attend the fete “Araby” and his frustration after visiting it at the dead hours, reveal the inner psychological workings of his mind. The narrator, portrayed in the story is not merely a representative of his own generation but also symbolic of man’s eternal search for the ideal. (more…)

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Keats’ Odes: Dominant Themes and Images in “Ode to a Nightingale”, “Ode on a Grecian Urn” and “To Autumn”
john keats

Keats’ Odes: Dominant Themes and Images in “Ode to a Nightingale”, “Ode on a Grecian Urn” and “To Autumn”

The odes written by John Keats, on the level of superficial reading, may be seen as brilliant rendering of a scene, a season or a mood; the final perfection of…

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The Return of the Native: Hardy’s Tragic Vision
Eustacia Vye in Hardy's The return of the Native

The Return of the Native: Hardy’s Tragic Vision

Egdon Heath, sunk in history, representing both Man and the stage on which human drama has been performed from time immemorial, sets the tone for the sombre story of trapped human passions in Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the Native. The dark violence of Eustacia Vye, the idealistic intelligence of Clym, the will and affection of Mrs Yeobright, the innocence of Thomasin and weakness of Byronic Wildeve form a tragic pattern through mutual interactions. Tragedies occur, expectations are ruthlessly disappointed, “Egdon remains”, forming a microcosm of entire human fate. (more…)

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